Pharyngitis is defined as inflammation in the back of the throat, and is often referred to as a sore throat. Pharyngitis is often accompanied by difficulty swallowing.

Pharyngitis is common in the winter, when the mucous membranes lining the pharynx and the back of the throat become inflamed, thus causing a dry throat, and some pain. There is no cause for concern about pharyngitis because it is a condition that can be controlled and treated.

In this article, we follow the causes of pharyngitis, and its symptoms.

Causes of pharyngitis

There are many medical conditions and factors that increase the incidence of pharyngitis. We review some of these reasons as follows:

  • Tonsillitis: The tonsils are located at the back of the throat, and they are among the important immune cells to capture germs and pathogens before they penetrate the body. They become inflamed when a bacterial or viral infection occurs, resulting in pharyngitis.
  • Allergies: Some people are allergic to certain allergens such as pollen, pets, or even dust. Allergies cause mucus to come down from the nose to the throat from the back, thus irritating the throat and causing inflammation in the throat and pharynx.
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease: It causes a burning sensation in the upper abdomen due to the stomach acid returning to the esophagus from the opening of the heart. The feeling of pain travels to the pharynx, causing inflammation.
  • Infection: Infection, whether it is bacterial, such as pharyngitis, or viral, causes pharyngitis. Examples of diseases caused by a viral infection include:
  1. Colds.
  2. flu.
  3. .
  4. .

Bacterial infections can be controlled with antibiotics, unlike viral infections.

  • Pressure on the vocal cords: The throat and pharynx are affected by pressure on the vocal cords by overstressing them by talking, screaming, or singing for long periods without rest.
  • Other causes: Among the other causes that lead to pharyngitis are the following:
  1. Heavy smoking.
  2. Eat spicy foods a lot.
  3. Drink very hot liquids.
  4. . [1] [2] [3]

Pharyngitis symptoms

Symptoms of pharyngitis vary according to the type of infection. The most prominent symptoms are as follows:

Symptoms of bacterial pharyngitis

  • Feeling of pain in the abdomen.
  • The appearance of white spots in the back of the throat.
  • Red and swollen tonsils.
  • Enlarged lymph nodes.
  • Feeling severe pain when swallowing.
  • a headache.
  • Feeling tired and tired.
  • Feeling of nausea and vomiting.
  • injury . [3]

Symptoms of viral pharyngitis

Serious symptoms of pharyngitis

Some serious symptoms appear when an individual neglects treatment for pharyngitis. Among these serious symptoms are the following:

  • Loss of consciousness for a short period.
  • increased heart rate;
  • Extremely high body temperature.
  • Swelling and swelling of the tongue and throat.
  • feeling of suffocation [4]

Does pharyngitis cause shortness of breath?

The most important and prominent symptoms of pharyngitis related to the respiratory system must be known, in order to answer the frequently asked question: Does pharyngitis cause shortness of breath? Among those symptoms are the following:

  • Cough with yellow, green or brown mucus.
  • .
  • dry throat;
  • Voice roughness.
  • fever.

Added to these symptoms, and therefore the answer to the question related to the relationship of pharyngitis and shortness of breath is: Yes, pharyngitis causes shortness of breath. [4]

There is no need to worry about pharyngitis as long as we know its causes, as the treatment of pharyngitis becomes easy and simple if its cause is treated quickly, becomes under control, and ends within days.