The results of a new study published in the scientific journal (Diabetology and Metabolic Syndrome) revealed that smoking would raise the risk of diabetes and obesity more than smoking an entire pack of cigarettes.
The researchers behind the study indicated that hookah smoking was associated with health problems that do not affect the smoker, such as obesity and metabolic disorders, meaning that waterpipe may be significantly worse than smoking cigarettes.
This included the experiment in this study on 9,840 participants from Iran, including smokers, hookah users, and quitters, and asked them to answer some questions and then undergo certain tests.
After analyzing this information, the researchers found the following:
- The risk of diabetes, metabolic syndrome and obesity increased in hookah users
- The harm caused by hookah may be greater than smoking cigarettes
- One session of hookah use can be equivalent to smoking an entire pack of cigarettes.
The researchers explained that the use of hookah would stimulate tissue infection, thus becoming more resistant to the effect of insulin, which works to regulate blood sugar levels.
The hookah is also associated with social habits that cause obesity more compared to smoking.
The researchers pointed out that one session of hookah use, which is equivalent to approximately one hour, inhaled 200 breaths of hookah, causing the entry of 90,000 milliliters of smoke, while one cigarette includes 20 breaths, which is equivalent to entering 500-600 milliliters of smoke.