Most women experience fluctuations in their weight as it is common to gain weight over time However, if a person gains weight in a very short time for no apparent reason, this may be a sign of an underlying health condition.

Find out, dear reader, about the causes of sudden weight gain in women in the following article

Causes of sudden weight gain in women

The main causes of sudden weight gain in women include the following

  • Polycystic ovary syndrome People with polycystic ovary syndrome may find that they gain weight easily around their midsection, as PCOS causes the ovaries to produce abnormally high levels of male sex hormones.
  • Hormonal changes Usually between the ages of 45-55, women enter a phase called menopause, during a woman’s reproductive years, estrogen, one of the hormones responsible for regulating the menstrual cycle and ovulation, begins to decline, and once menopause occurs, estrogen is too low to induce menstruation Low estrogen can lead to weight gain in menopausal women around the abdomen and hips.
  • Period The periodic increase in weight is often due to the menstrual cycle, women may experience water retention and bloating around the time of their period, and changing levels of estrogen and progesterone may lead to weight gain.
  • Thyroid disorder Hypothyroidism can slow down the metabolism, which can lead to weight gain. Thyroid problems can also cause the body to retain fluid due to the effects of hypothyroidism on the kidneys.
  • Fluid retention Unexplained rapid weight gain may be a result of fluid retention. This leads to swelling also known as edema, which can cause swelling of your extremities, hands, feet, face or abdomen.
  • Pregnancy One of the most common causes of unintended weight gain, many women eat more to support the growth of the baby, which leads to most women gaining weight during pregnancy as the baby grows.
  • Taking medications Unintended weight gain can be caused by some medications, such as corticosteroids, antidepressants, antipsychotic medications, and birth control pills.
  • Ovarian cancer Weight gain and sudden or unexplained bloating may be a sign of ovarian cancer.
  • Cirrhosis If people are experiencing rapid weight gain and the abdomen begins to swell, this may indicate cirrhosis, which is a condition in which scar tissue replaces healthy tissue in the liver, and can cause fluid to accumulate in the abdominal cavity, where this abnormal accumulation is called For ascites fluids.
  • Kidney problems Sudden weight gain or swelling in the body may be a symptom of kidney disease, such as kidney failure or nephrotic syndrome.
  • Quitting smoking Some people gain weight initially when they stop smoking tobacco products, as experts believe this happens; Because nicotine suppresses appetite and because withdrawal symptoms may include fatigue, which can lead to overeating.
  • Insomnia It has been shown that lack of sleep can lead to weight gain as changes in sleep cycles can affect eating patterns and mood, causing people to overeat.
  • Type 2 diabetes Belly fat is linked to insulin resistance, as the body makes insulin, but cells cannot use it properly to remove glucose from the blood.

Treatment of sudden weight gain in women

After identifying the causes of sudden weight gain in women, the following are the most prominent ways to treat sudden weight gain in women, as the best method of treatment depends on any of the causes of sudden weight gain in women.

If a hormonal imbalance is the cause, your doctor may prescribe a medication to balance your hormone levels. The medication will depend on the affected hormones. These medications are often used long-term. If the medication you’re taking is causing the problem, your doctor will recommend alternative treatments.