Back pain after childbirth is a common pain that a woman can suffer at this stage, among a group of other symptoms that accompany this stage. We will learn about the causes of back pain after childbirth, and how to treat it.

physical changes

Physical changes in a woman’s body can lead to problems in the spine and bones, for the following reasons:

  • Expansion of the uterus during pregnancy: During pregnancy, the uterus is enlarged, the abdominal muscles weaken, and their position changes, which puts pressure on the back, and increases the chances of occurrence after childbirth.
  • Women’s weight gain during pregnancy: Women’s weight usually increases during pregnancy, and the increase may continue after childbirth as well, which causes pressure on the joints, and leads to back pain.
  • Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes during pregnancy loosen the joints and ligaments that connect the pelvis to the spine, so back pain may persist after childbirth.
  • Caesarean section: A woman can suffer from back pain after having had an abdominal surgery that affects various parts of the body including the back, especially as the woman bends forward while walking during the postoperative pain period.
  • Abortion: Back pain may occur after a miscarriage as a normal symptom, as in some childbirth, but the pain can be severe in the case of a late miscarriage.

In the previous cases, the back pain after childbirth gradually fades, as the pressure on the spine decreases, the woman’s weight decreases, and the hormones return to normal. (1) (2) (3) (5)

baby care

Caring for a newborn baby can lead to back pain after birth for the following reasons:

  • Carrying the baby for long periods: The baby needs great attention and special care after birth, so the mother carries it often, and this may last for more than a year, and with the increase in the size of the child, a woman can suffer from back pain after birth.
  • Breastfeeding: Breastfeeding requires sitting in a stable position for a long time, and the position may be wrong in order to facilitate breastfeeding for the child, and often bend forward, causing muscle strain and back pain in women.
  • General exhaustion: The general exhaustion and stress of 24/7 day care of a newborn can lead to persistent back pain after birth. (1) (2) (3)

Back pain after childbirth

Postpartum back pain usually improves within a few months, but for some women it may last longer depending on the following:

  • The effort you make with the child: Some children suffer from abdominal pain and health problems that cause constant crying, which forces the mother to carry him for long periods.
  • Women’s weight: The chances of continuing lower back pain after childbirth increase in women who are overweight because it puts a burden on the spine. (1)

Postpartum back pain treatment

If the back pain after childbirth is minor and gradually fades away, it may not need treatment, but if the back pain persists after childbirth for long periods, you should consult a doctor to find out the causes of chronic back pain and how to treat it.

In general, a woman can take some procedures that help relieve back pain after childbirth, including:

  • Exercise appropriate for the postpartum period: such as walking, as the body needs movement to get rid of pain, and walking after cesarean section contributes to relieving pain significantly.
  • Getting rid of excess weight: A woman should follow an appropriate nutritional pattern for her after childbirth to help get rid of the extra weight that leads to back pain.
  • Helping the child sleep in bed: If the child gets used to sleeping while the mother is walking, it will be difficult to get rid of this habit, and with the child’s weight gain over time, it will put a burden on the mother, and lead to back pain, so it is advised to help the child sleep in bed as much as possible .
  • Buying a nursing pillow: A nursing pillow is one of the ways to help prevent back pain after childbirth, as it reduces the chances of bending forward while feeding the baby.
  • Warm and cold compresses on the back: Warm and cold compresses may help relieve back pain after childbirth. It is also recommended to take a warm bath or sit in a bathtub with warm water whenever possible.
  • Back massage: Massaging the muscles and lower back area may reduce back pain after childbirth. (1) (2) (3) (4)