Abdominal pain is one of the most prominent symptoms of the common menstrual cycle, and back pain can occur before the period and during its descent as one of the accompanying symptoms, and in this article, we will learn about the causes of back pain in women before menstruation.

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premenstrual syndrome

It is a condition that most women suffer from, and it is one of the causes of back pain ten days or a week before the period, and the pain usually stops as soon as the period begins.

Besides before menstruation, a woman may experience the following symptoms:

  • bloating;
  • Tummy ache.
  • breast pain;
  • constipation or diarrhea;
  • headache;
  • Mood swings.

If back pain persists during the period, this may indicate an infection in the woman. (1) (2) (3) (4)

acute premenstrual dysphoric disorder

It is a more severe case than premenstrual syndrome, as the woman complains of severe menstrual symptoms, which affect her life and impede her normal daily activities, and may be the cause of back pain 10 days or a week before the period, in addition to other symptoms such as:

  • Severe mood swings.
  • the appearance of acne;
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms, such as vomiting and diarrhea.
  • Neurological symptoms such as dizziness and heart palpitations. (1) (2) (3) (4)


Another cause of severe back pain during menstruation is a condition that causes severe and painful contractions during menstruation, as a result of the uterus contracting more than normal.

A woman may also complain of the following symptoms:

  • severe abdominal cramps
  • Pain in the lower legs.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • diarrhea.
  • headache or dizziness;

The symptoms of dysmenorrhea are not limited to a specific area of ​​the back, but can cause lower back pain or upper back pain. (1) (2) (3) (4)


Although back pain before menstruation is a normal symptom that does not cause concern, back pain in women may be due to a health problem such as endometriosis or endometriosis, a condition that leads to the displacement of uterine tissues outside the uterus, and results in the following symptoms:

  • Sharp pain in the abdomen.
  • Chronic pelvic pain, especially during and after sex.
  • Heavy and prolonged menstruation. (1) (2) (3) (4)

Back pain and late period

A woman can suffer from back pain before her period is due, yet her period is late. Back pain and lack of menstruation may occur for the following reasons:

  • Pregnancy: Pregnancy is one of the main causes of back pain and delayed period at the same time, so a woman should take a pregnancy test if this happens.
  • Having a health problem: If a woman has a health problem related to the reproductive system, such as ovarian cysts, she can suffer from back pain without having her period, as a result of her irregular menstrual cycle.

In this case, the woman should consult a doctor to find out the cause of the problem and treat it properly. (5)

Back pain treatment before period

Certain procedures can help relieve back pain before your period and other associated symptoms, including:

  • Use of compresses: Warm compresses help reduce back pain before period as well as abdominal pain.
  • Bathing with warm water: It is recommended to take a shower with warm water to relieve back pain before menstruation.
  • Massage: One of the most prominent ways to treat back and abdominal pain before the session is to gently massage those areas.
  • Exercise: Exercise plays a role in relieving back pain before menstruation, especially simple sports such as walking.
  • Practicing relaxation techniques: Relaxation techniques such as meditation can help distract from pre-menstrual back pain and other ailments a woman is experiencing. (1) (2) (3) (4)