Since the beginning of this year, Nigeria has suffered from a frightening outbreak of a deadly disease called Lassa Fever, for which there is no vaccine yet.
Lassa fever is not a new disease, but its spread is unprecedented, and very fast unexpectedly, so that many health workers have contracted the disease.
This disease affects a number of organs of the human body and can cause, and its treatment is very difficult.
It is worth noting that people who contract Lassa fever have mild symptoms such as headache and general weakness, and they may not show any symptoms at all, but in severe cases, the patient may suffer from bleeding in the mouth, nose and other parts of the body.
Although the death rate from this disease is only 1%, according to the World Health Organization, this number has increased in Nigeria to more than 20%.
It is believed that more than 90 people have died in Nigeria from the disease so far, but the number is expected to be much higher, given the difficulty of diagnosing fever.
The data indicate that the infection of pregnant women in their later stages with this disease exposes them to the risk of losing the fetus by approximately 80%, in addition to a risk to the life of the pregnant woman herself.
Why has the disease spread now?
Specialists believe that the spread of the disease at this time, and this speed, may be due to climatic changes, which affect a certain type of mice that transmit the disease to humans.
Where the presence of these mice is widespread in West Africa, and they can find their way into homes easily.
The spread may be due to a lack of health awareness about the disease, or the virus has changed itself somewhat.
How is the disease transmitted?
It is possible to contract the disease through contact with anything contaminated with the urine, feces, blood or saliva of this type of rat, whether by eating this contaminated food, drinking or handling anything.
When a person becomes ill, they are able to transmit the infection to others through bodily fluids.
But the answer is still not clear about the possibility of transmission of the virus through sexual contact.