Tonsillectomy is a common surgical procedure to get rid of recurrent or swollen tonsils problems, despite the recent decline in the number of tonsil removal surgery, but it remains the most important radical solution to tonsillitis.

Children and teens undergoing tonsillectomy, the recovery period from this surgical procedure takes less than two weeks.

In this article, we explain in detail everything related to the operation of tonsillectomy in children and adults.

tonsillectomy

Tonsillectomy is the best option that doctors recommend for the following reasons:

  • Getting rid of recurrent or chronic tonsillitis that reaches 7 times per year.
  • Treating sleep related breathing problems such as.
  • Treatment of frequent and loud snoring in children and adolescents.
  • Getting rid of bleeding tonsils.
  • prevention of.

Tonsillitis and its complications lead to health problems for the child, such as heart problems, learning delays, and behavioral problems.

Currently, the number of tonsillectomy has dwindled, yet surgeons in the United States of America perform half a million tonsil removal surgeries per year. [1] [2] [3]

Tonsillectomy in children

Preparations before tonsillectomy in children begin with a routine examination of the child, and the doctor may order a blood test. In the process of tonsillectomy, the child needs to not feel any pain during surgery.

Here are some ways to perform a tonsillectomy in children:

  • Scalpel Tonsillectomy: The traditional method in which the surgeon removes the tonsils with a scalpel, is then cauterized to stop the bleeding.
  • Electrocautery: This technique is used to remove the tonsils and cauterize at the same time to prevent any bleeding.
  • Tonsillectomy by ring: Surgeons resort to this method using a tool that has a ring of thin wire. This ring surrounds the tonsils and works to remove them. This method is characterized by reducing bleeding.
  • Ultrasound tonsillectomy: This method relies on ultrasound vibrations to remove the tonsils and prevent bleeding at the same time.

This surgery takes from 20 minutes to half an hour at most, the duration of the tonsillectomy may increase in some few cases.

The child is transferred to another room after the operation is completed. The medical team monitors the heart rate. After the anesthetic wears off, the child can, in most cases, go home on the same day. [2]

Tonsillectomy for adults

The surgeon performs tonsillectomy for adults with the same techniques as for children, the person is under general anesthesia, and the surgery takes about 45 minutes.

With a tonsillectomy for adults, the surgeon can also remove the adenoids, as they are close to the tonsils behind the nose and throat. In other cases, the adenoids are only removed with separate surgery.

Patients feel after recovery due to anesthesia, the person can leave home on the same day if there is no case of severe bleeding from the surgical site, severe fatigue, or difficulty breathing. [5]

Disadvantages of tonsillectomy

Tonsillectomy damages often occur due to anesthesia, as reactions appear as a result of taking some medications in the postoperative period, and examples of reactions are breathing problems.

Below are some of the risks of tonsillectomy other than the complications of anesthesia:

  • Occurring during or after surgery.
  • heavy bleeding
  • Swollen tongue or throat.

In some cases, children are exposed to insufficient water during the recovery period from surgery, and some doctors advise returning to the hospital again to receive fluids. [1] [4] [5]